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Ten Years of Archaeological Research in Burnt City to be Published


26 September 2006




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LONDON, (CAIS) -- With the end of the 10th season of archeological research in the historic site of Burnt City (Shahr-e Sukhteh) getting closer, the results of their works will be published in a book, according to a report by CHN on Tuesday.


“When the first season of excavation began in Burnt City in 1997, a 10-year-long period was determined for studies on this historic site. Excavations will be resumed after a year of recess during which the outcomes of the first ten years of archeological studies in Burnt City will be published,” said Mansour Sajadi, head of the excavation team in Burnt City. He also said that the outcomes will first be published in three volumes and later will be compiled in a single book. The first volume of this series is expected to be released soon.


Sajadi believes that the one year break after ten years of continuous excavations of Burnt City will provide a good chance for the archeologists to gather and catalogue their data based on the information which will be a comprehensive source of information. However, according to head of the excavation team in Burnt City, although the first phase of excavations will officially come to an end following the end of the 10th season, archeological works in this historical site will not completely seize during the one-year period that follows and archeologists will still carry out some studies on the architectural remains of this historical site.


Located 57 kilometers from Zabol in Sistan va Balushistan province, southeastern Iran, Burnt City is one of the most important prehistoric sites in the country. Burnt City covers an area of 150 hectares and was one of the largest cities in the world. Archeological evidence proves that Burnt City was well developed during the ancient times. 166 satellite villages have so far been discovered in the vicinity of Burnt city and archeologists believe that the extent of the city goes beyond Iran’s borders into Afghanistan. 


The efficiency, knowledge and state-of-the-art deployed by those people leaves no room for any judgment. Evidently the oldest sample of surgery on human's skull was carried out on a 13-year-old girl suffering from hydrocephalic around 3000 BCE. The skull is currently on display at the Medical History Museum in Tehran. 


After 9 seasons of research, this 5000-year-old site still holds many secrets within. The city experienced four stages of civilization and was burnt down three times, which is why it was named the Burnt City. So far, no one has found out the real name of the city and only in the case that archaeologists gain access to the historical record of the ancient city, it would be possible to find out the real name of the city by reading the unearthed manuscripts. 


The available evidences indicate that the Burnt City was first identified by British scholar Orwell Stein in the year 1915 and later in the 1960s, a team from the Italian institute for the Middle East and Oriental studies launched archeological excavations with the cooperation of the Archeology General Department in a period between 1967 to 1978. The excavations were continued by Iranian team which resulted in some valuable discoveries in this pre-historic site.




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Extracted From/Source: Cultural Heritage News Agency (CHN)

Please note the above-news is NOT a "copy & paste" version from the mentioned-source. The news/article above has been modified with the following interventions by CAIS: Spelling corrections; -Rectification and correction of the historical facts and data; - Providing additional historical information within the text; -Removing any unnecessary, irrelevant & repetitive information.

     All these measures have been taken in order to ensure that the published news provided by CAIS is coherent, accurate and suitable for academics and cultural enthusiasts who visit the CAIS website.




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