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Sivand Dam Opens Amid pre-Islamic Heritage Fear


19 April 2007



LONDON, (CAIS) -- A new dam is due to open in southern Iran amid criticism it will flood an ancient site holding archaeological relics dating back 7,000 years.

The Islamic regime claims the Sivand dam in the Bolaghi gorge is needed by farmers in an area that has become desert.


Heritage activists have appealed to the regime's president to postpone the flooding by some years so excavation can continue.


Archaeologists have discovered Sasanian wine making vessels, clay kilns and prehistoric caves in the area. 

Many relics have been removed to be placed in a museum, but the site itself will be flooded which conservationists argue will be a huge loss.


But the Islamic regime going ahead with the inauguration of the dam because farmers in the area allegedly are in need of water for irrigation.



Persian Empire

There has been much confusion about exactly what damage to Iran's ancient sites the Sivand dam will do.


Archaeologists, including foreign teams, have been working to excavate remains in the gorge that is to be flooded.


They found pools and clay pots belonging to Sasanian wine workshop, though today grapes no longer grow in the area.


And 7,000 year old clay kilns have been unearthed, along with prehistoric caves and a unique seven-kilometre stone boundary wall that some believe once enclosed a hunting ground 2,500 years ago.


What has worried some experts is that the dam is very close to Cyrus the Great's tomb and his palace, monuments honouring the founder of the first Persian empire in 550 BCE.


Some experts argue that the dam will increase humidity in the area, sharply exacerbating an already serious problems with lichen eating away at the 2,500-year-old stones.


The controversy of the Sivand dam has highlighted the bitter struggle between the Islamic regime who wants to erase any evidence of pre-Islamic Iranian past under the cover of modernisation and development Iran at any cost and Iranian nation and heritage experts who want society to place a greater value on the country's rich pre-Islamic heritage and do more to preserve it.



Extracted From/Source: BBC

Please note the above-news is NOT a "copy & paste" version from the mentioned-source. The news/article above has been modified with the following interventions by CAIS: Spelling corrections; -Rectification and correction of the historical facts and data; - Providing additional historical information within the text; -Removing any unnecessary, irrelevant & repetitive information.


All these measures have been taken in order to ensure that the published news provided by CAIS is coherent, transparent, accurate and suitable for academics and cultural enthusiasts who visit the CAIS website.




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