The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
LONDON, (CAIS) -- Archaeological excavations in Pardis Tappeh prehistoric hill resulted in identifying the most ancient industrial site in the Middle East which dates back to 7000 years ago. Archaeologists
that this prehistoric hill existed concurrent with Cheshmeh Ali region in Ray
city, southern Tehran and northern and southern Sialk Tappeh in Kashan.
discovery of a large number of clay kilns and head spindles in this industrial
site, the previous theory of Dr. Smith, head of the first archaeology team in
7000-year-old historic site of Cheshmeh Ali hill, indicating that the red clays
discovered in this area are hand made, has been rejected. This new discovery has
further revealed the secret about the technique which was implemented for making
these unique red clays some 5000 years BCE.
an interview with Persian service of CHN, Hassan Fazeli Nashli, director of
Archaeology Research Centre and head of the excavation team in Pardis
prehistoric site, who believes that the most ancient clay wheel belongs to this
region said: “Three seasons of archaeological excavations in Pardis
prehistoric site, 80 percent of which has been destroyed due to activities of
the brick factory, brought into light the unique importance of this prehistoric
site and the necessity for reorganizing its situation and protecting it against
kilns, clay wheels, earthenware jars, and stone necklaces are among the most
prominent discoveries in this historic site. However Fazeli believes that the
residential settlement area of this industrial site, which could have provided
archaeologists some invaluable information about people’s life during 7000
years ago in this region, has already been demolished and changed into pieces of
to Fazeli Nashli, although large parts of this 7000-year-old hill has been
devastated due to neglect of authorities of the brick factory, it is not still
too late to save the rest parts which have still remained for next generations.
out the importance for delimiting Pardis region, head of archaeology team in
Pardis added: “Archaeology team has also succeeded in discovering a cemetery
belonging to the Iron Age when they were conducting sounding works in the
surface layer of the region, parts of which have been seriously damaged by
bulldozers of the brick factory. This discovery shows that some unique
historical evidence must have been laid beneath this region which can provide
archaeologists some invaluable information about the story of a secret
civilization in this region during prehistoric periods.”
Nashli strongly believes that the only approach for saving this prehistoric site
is changing it into a museum park, because in addition to its unique historical
value, its soil has a high potential for breeding different kinds of trees and
that Varamin is a deprived region, Fazeli Nashli further expressed hope that
with paying more attention to Pardis historic site and changing it into a
tourism destination, the situation of the region would be greatly improved.
preserving the most ancient industrial site in the Middle East region,
authorities of Iran’s Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO),
municipality and city council of Varamin should cooperate to save it with
changing it into a park museum. The time has come to bring archeo-anthropology
science into force through using prehistoric and historic sites as a bed for
cultural development and providing public facilities for the people of
region,” added head of Archaeology Research Centre.
historical hill belongs to the fifth and sixth millennia BCE and the remains of
a Parthian dynastic fortress (248 BCE-224 CE) can be seen on the upper layer on
this historical hill. Cultural heritage experts strongly believe that the area
has the potential to be turned into a museum park.
Last summer an international team consisted of experts from Lister University of Edinburgh, and University of Tehran conducted some excavations in the region which led into some valuable archaeological discoveries.
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