The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
Edited by Shapour Suren-Pahlav
(CAIS) -- Despite all previous
warnings regarding the threats to Naqsh-e Rostam due to construction of
Esfahan-Shiraz railway in the vicinity of this historic site, its seems that the
issue is not resolved yet and concerns for how to protect this invaluable
historic site still continue.
While Islamic Republic’s
Ministry of Road and Transportation is busy with buying the lands in vicinity of
Naqsh-e Rostam located in Iranian Fars province, cultural heritage deputy of
Iran’s Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts, and Tourism Organization (ICHHTO) has
declared that the authorities of the project can buy as much land as they wish,
however they are not allowed to use them for passing the railway.
Based on earlier
agreements between authorities of the Road Ministry and ICHHTO, the
Esfahan-Shiraz railway project should not pass near Naqsh-e Rostam historic
site. On the other hand, the measure of railway authorities for purchasing Naqsh-e
Rostam’s nearby lands has put the whole situation in a state of ambiguity.
What is more surprising in
this regard is that while Kermānihā, general manager of public relations department of Construction and
Development Company, claims that with getting the approval of governor of Fars
province, Esfahan-Shiraz railway will be constructed on its original path,
director of ICHHTO Fars provincial department, has expressed unawareness about
such an agreement.
He further explained that
neither he nor the authorities of Pars-e Pasargadae Research Center have taken
part in any meeting in this regard.
On the other hand, in a
talk with Persian service of CHN, Jalil Hejāzi, former
director of Road and Transportation Department of Fars province, said that as
far as he is concerned until 5th of July that he was still worked in
his position, no agreement was announced by ICHHTO about passing of railway near
Naqsh-e Rostam historic site.
ICHHTO on several
occasions has declared its opposition to the implementation of the project.
Previously it was agreed that the railroad would run parallel to the
Esfahan-Shiraz Highway, this is while based on their initial project,
authorities of the railway are determined to construct the railway only 500
meters distance of Naqsh-e Rostam. Experts had previously warned that the
powerful jolts caused by the trains would have a harmful effect on the historic
monuments in the region, most of which dating back to the Achaemenid dynastic
era (550-330 BCE), particularly the Ka’aba of Zoroaster will collapse within
ten-years is the railway become operational.
After studying different
alternatives for saving the cultural landscape of the historic site of Naqsh-e
Rostam against railway construction, experts of Pars-e Pasargadae Research
Centre concluded that the most effective way to prevent the railway from
intruding the historic landscape of this Achaemenid site is to construct a
six-kilometer-long tunnel from Sivand to Shoul village and direct the train
through the tunnel.
Naqsh-e Rostam contains four tombs of Achaemenid monarchs which are cut into the rock of the cliff, one of which is belong to Darius the Great. The other three tombs are believed to have belonged to Xerxes I, Artaxerxes I, and Darius II.
<meta name="verify-v1" content="Kb4N15t1UVWj7aEXtMAMsR2vpb1WAyOpb5tfwsdcn1w=" />
Copyright © 1998-2015 The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies (CAIS)