The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
Edited by Shapour Suren-Pahlav
LONDON, (CAIS) -- Despite all oppositions made so far
by Iranians and Iran’s Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts, and Tourism
Organization (ICHHTO) against construction of Esfahan-Shiraz railway by the
Islamic Republic only in 300-meter away from Naqsh-e Rostam historic site.
Based on earlier agreements between authorities of Islamic
Republic’s Ministry of Road and Transportation and ICHHTO, the project of
Esfahan-Shiraz railway was due to change its path and be constructed with the
maximum distance from Naqsh-e Rostam to cause the least harm to this historic
site. However, its seems by purchasing the farmlands in vicinity of Naqsh-e
Rostam and marking the path of the railway, the regime is pursuing their
Prior to this, after revising the suggested route by
Ministry of Road and Transportation, the technical council of ICHHTO decided
that the path for construction the railroad must change. Experts of ICHHTO have
previously warned that the powerful jolts caused by train would have a harmful
effect on the historic monuments in the area - train vibrations would eventually
damage Naqsh-e Rostam monument, and ensures the destruction of Ka’aba of
Zoroaster less than ten-years.
Considering that Pars-e Pasargadae Research Centre is
determined to prepare the ground for registration of Naqsh-e Rostam in list
of UNESCO’s World Heritage site, as annex of Persepolis world heritage site,
construction of the railway in such a close distance of this historic site would
ruin the chance of world registration of this Achaemenid site forever.
UNESCO asked the regime in Tehran to give an explanation
about construction of the railway near Naqsh-e Rostam in the 31st
session of World Heritage Committee.
Located in Iranian Fars province, 12 kilometer distance of
Persepolis, Naqsh-e Rostam contains four tombs belonging to Achaemenid dynastic
emperors which were carved out of the rock. Ka’aba of Zoroaster bears number
of inscription belong to Parthian and Sasanian dynastic eras.
Since the coming of theocratic regime to power in Iran, the regime leaders have
dedicated themselves to restructure Iranian culture and history. Many
pre-Islamic historical and archaeological sites have been devastated under the
cover of development projects: destroyed as part of highway and railway track
construction; contaminated irreparably by chemical factories; undermined by
nearby hotels; obliterated as part of mining; or submerged beneath dam
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