The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- In continuing their
researches for identifying satellite areas in vicinity of Burnt City (Shahr-e
Sukhteh), archaeologists have succeeded to discover other 100 prehistoric sites.
This way, the number of prehistoric and historic sites in this 5000-year-old
city which according to Richard Fray, American archaeologist, is “the paradise
of archaeologists” has reached to four-hundred.
Announcing this news,
Alireza Khosravi, head of Burnt City Research Canter, anticipates that some 800
prehistoric and historic hills would be identified by the end of excavation
activities in the area. However in a more optimistic view, he estimates that the
number of satellite sites in Burnt City area may even amounted to 1500.
Regarding the biggest and
smallest historical hills which have been identified so far in the area,
Khosravi told Persian service of CHN: “Covering 200 square meters area, hill
number 32 with 3 meters height has been identified as the smallest hill in
vicinity of Burnt City which has been inscribed in list of Iran’s National
Heritage Sites on 30th December 2005 with the number of 14119. The
largest of all is mound number 383 with 36,000 square meters area, which has
been put up for being registered as a National Heritage site.
Head of Burnt City
Research Canter further explained that the farthest distance of identified
satellite villages from Burnt City is about 25 kilometers which show the large
extent of this prehistoric city.
that the identified historical hills identified in vicinity of Burnt City must
have been small villages or residential settlements which are known as satellite
hills of Burnt City.
Located 57 kilometres from
Zabol in Sistan va Baluchestan province, southeastern Iran, Burnt City is one of
the most important prehistoric sites in the country. The city experienced four
stages of civilization and was burnt down three times, which is why it was named
the Burnt City.
Excavation on the Burnt
City was initiated in 1967 when Professor Maurizzio Tosi, Italian archaeologist
and his colleagues joint Iranian archaeologists. Later in 1988-1989, excavations
were resumed by Dr. Mansour Sadjadi under the auspices of Iran’s Cultural
Heritage, Handicrafts, and Tourism Organization. Despite of 10 seasons of
continual archaeological excavations in this 5000-year-old site, it still holds
many secrets within. The outcome of the researches has been published in 170
books and papers so far in Persian, English, Italian, Japanese, German, and
Based on discoveries made
in the region, it became evident that urbanization existed in Burnt City some
5000 years ago and that the city was the converging point of the great
civilization of Persia, Mesopotamia, India, and China in the ancient times.
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