The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- A few weeks ago, the news about construction of a railway near
the historic site of Naqsh-e Rostam in Iran’s Fars province provoked
oppositions by cultural heritage experts and international community who were
concerned with the negative consequences of jolts caused by the train on this
Achaemenid-Sasanian site. However, after examining the path of the railway, the
technical council of ICHTO announced its final decision to the Ministry of Road
and Transportation according to which the Ministry is obliged to construct the
railway with maximum possible distance from Naqsh-e Rostam historic site.
this news, Fariborz Dolatabadi, deputy director of preserving and restoration
department of ICHTO said to Persian service of CHN: “During our last meeting
with authorities of the Ministry of Road and Transportation, it was decided that
ICHTO experts announce their decision about construction of the railway near
Naqsh-e Rostam historic site. After initial studies were conducted, the
Organization finally expressed its disagreement with construction of the railway
near Naqsh-e Rostam.”
to the latest decision, the railway which was previously supposed to be
constructed 350 meters from Naqsh-e Rostam will be built at least one kilometre
farther and this way this historic site would no longer be threatened.
construction of an underground pathway for the train, Mohammad Hassan Talebian,
director of Pars-e Pasargadae Research Centre, said “The project for
constructing an underground path for the train in order not to blemish the
cultural landscape of Naqsh-e Rostam which had previously been proposed was
finally rejected by the technical council of the Organization and Pars-e
Pasargadae Research Centre as we were afraid that construction of the
underground pathway would cause some damages to this historic site.”
previous plan was the construction of an embankment for the railway track about
350 meters from the Naqsh-e Rostam historical complex, and the rumbling of the
trains would have damaged the monuments, including the collapse of K’aba of
Zoroaster in less than ten years if the railroad would have become operational.
had also said that the artificial embankment was spoiling Naqsh-e Rostam
landscape and could have caused Persepolis to be added to the UNESCO List of
World Heritage in Danger since Naqsh-e Rostam site is located within the
perimeter of Persepolis' historical zone.
Rostam is immensely important for Iranians, since the site holds a number of the
Achaemenid dynastic rock-tombs, such as Darius the Great and his son Xerxes I.
The site also contains a number of reliefs dating back to the Arsacid and
Sasanian dynastic eras, as well as the Elamite period.
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