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Discovery of Historical Relics in Nushabad Underground City


06 February 2007




LONDON, (CAIS) -- Second season of archaeological excavations in Nushabad (nūšābād) inderground city in Esfahan province resulted in discovery of large numbers of historic evidence including earthenware vessels and stone instruments ranging in date to Sassanid (224-651 CE), Ilkhanid (1256-1336), and Safavid (1501-1736) dynastic periods.


Announcing this news, Zahra Sarookhani, head of the excavation team in the underground city of Nushabad, explained: “During this phase of excavations, we have also succeeded in discovering some architectural structures such as intricate canals, a number of chambers with different plans constructed in different stories, staircases, wells, and the path of aqueducts inside the city. During these excavations, we came realized that the different levels of this city were connected to each other through vertical and horizontal canals. There are also some big stones similar to millstones next to every canal which were closed down while people were hiding in the lower stories.”


Pointing to the unique architectural style of this underground city, Sarookhani said: “An extraordinary and intricate structure is used in constructing the staircases and corridors that makes them look like blind corners in darkness.”


According to Sarookhani, some 500-square-meter of this city has been unearthed in three stories during two seasons of archaeological excavations. “The ventilation system used in the underground city through devising canals made it possible for the refugees to breathe even at a depth of 20 meters below the ground,” said Sarookhani.


She further explained that the special usage of this underground city as a place where people could take shelter defined its architectural plan. “Except for the main entrance, all the other parts of the city were about 170-180 centimetres in height to let people pass without any problem and some raised platforms were created in some walls for the people to sit,” added Sarookhani.


Locating 8 kilometres north of Kāshān in Esfahan province, Nushabad is one of the most famous underground cities of the world. Historical evidence indicates that Nushabad was mainly used as a shelter by people during the Mongol invasion in Iran in the 13th century and remained in use in emergency cases until late Qajar dynastic period (1787-1921).  




Extracted From/Source: Cultural Heritage News Agency (CHN)

Please note the above-news is NOT a "copy & paste" version from the mentioned-source. The news/article above has been modified with the following interventions by CAIS: Spelling corrections; -Rectification and correction of the historical facts and data; - Providing additional historical information within the text; -Removing any unnecessary, irrelevant & repetitive information.

     All these measures have been taken in order to ensure that the published news provided by CAIS is coherent, transparent, accurate and suitable for academics and cultural enthusiasts who visit the CAIS website.




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