The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
LONDON, (CAIS) -- The Archaeological Research Centre of Iran (ARCI) has asked Oxford University to assist the centre in dating the transition from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age in Iran, the Persian service of CHN reported on Saturday.
plans to send cultural and organic materials to the university for physical
chemistry studies like radiocarbon, potassium-argon, and thermoluminescence
dating of the Iranian prehistoric sites, particularly the transition from the
Bronze Age to the Iron Age,” project official Mehrdad Malkzadeh said.
Iron Age in Iran is comprised of three stages based on the style of pottery
works, he explained.
Age I is concurrent with the cultural horizon of old western grey pottery, which
is estimated to date back to 1500-1250 BCE.
back to about 1250-850 BCE, Iron Age II is concurrent with the cultural era of
new western grey pottery, and Iron Age III is contemporary with new western buff
pottery of 850-550 BCE, which coincides with the establishment of Median
archaeologists believe that Iron Age III is concurrent with the Median Dynasty
and after them, the Achaemenids came to power. Some archaeologists also refer to
an Iron Age IV from 550 to 150 BCE, but we prefer not to use the term Iron Age
IV and call the period the Achaemenid and then the (early) Parthian dynastic
classification is based on studies by U.S. archaeologist Robert H. Dyson on the
Hassanlu Tappeh, located in northwestern Iran south of Lake Urmia, and the
classification of the Iron Age based on the cultural horizon of pottery resulted
from the studies of another U.S. archaeologist, Thomas Cuyler Young, on Godin
Tappeh near Kangavar, in Kermanshah Province.”
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