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ARCI Asks Oxford to Date Transition to Iron Age in Iran


28 January 2007




Hassanlu Golden Bowl - Iran Bastan Museum.jpg (118567 bytes)

  Hassnly Golden Bowl - Courtesy of Iran Bastan Museum (Click to enlarge)

LONDON, (CAIS) -- The Archaeological Research Centre of Iran (ARCI) has asked Oxford University to assist the centre in dating the transition from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age in Iran, the Persian service of CHN reported on Saturday.


“ARCI plans to send cultural and organic materials to the university for physical chemistry studies like radiocarbon, potassium-argon, and thermoluminescence dating of the Iranian prehistoric sites, particularly the transition from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age,” project official Mehrdad Malkzadeh said.


The Iron Age in Iran is comprised of three stages based on the style of pottery works, he explained.


“Iron Age I is concurrent with the cultural horizon of old western grey pottery, which is estimated to date back to 1500-1250 BCE.


“Dating back to about 1250-850 BCE, Iron Age II is concurrent with the cultural era of new western grey pottery, and Iron Age III is contemporary with new western buff pottery of 850-550 BCE, which coincides with the establishment of Median Dynasty.


“Most archaeologists believe that Iron Age III is concurrent with the Median Dynasty and after them, the Achaemenids came to power. Some archaeologists also refer to an Iron Age IV from 550 to 150 BCE, but we prefer not to use the term Iron Age IV and call the period the Achaemenid and then the (early) Parthian dynastic eras.


“This classification is based on studies by U.S. archaeologist Robert H. Dyson on the Hassanlu Tappeh, located in northwestern Iran south of Lake Urmia, and the classification of the Iron Age based on the cultural horizon of pottery resulted from the studies of another U.S. archaeologist, Thomas Cuyler Young, on Godin Tappeh near Kangavar, in Kermanshah Province.”


In 2005, Oxford University carried out a similar research to date Iran ’s “salt men”, which were found at the Cherābād Salt Mine in the Hamzehlu region near Zanjan. ARCI had sent pieces of clothing and DNA samples from three of the four ancient salt men to Oxford University for carbon-14 dating.  




Extracted From/Source: Mehr News

Please note the above-news is NOT a "copy & paste" version from the mentioned-source. The news/article above has been modified with the following interventions by CAIS: Spelling corrections; -Rectification and correction of the historical facts and data; - Providing additional historical information within the text; -Removing any unnecessary, irrelevant & repetitive information.

     All these measures have been taken in order to ensure that the published news provided by CAIS is coherent, transparent, accurate and suitable for academics and cultural enthusiasts who visit the CAIS website.




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