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Discovery of an Iron Age Cemetery in Semnan


 15 July 2007




LONDON, (CAIS) -- Archaeological excavations behind Kalpush Dam in Semnan province led into discovery of a unique cemetery dating back to Iron Age II (1350 to 550 BCE) with earthen graves.


“The Iron Age cemetery in which archaeologists have recently started their excavations is considered a part of Amir Shalough hill where prior to this historical evidence belonging to Ilkhanid period were discovered. Since, we are still keeping on our researches in Amir Sharlogh historic site, we have not yet opened the graves to examine their burial gifts and skeletons,” said Mahnaz Sharifi, head of excavation team behind Kalpoush dam in Semnan province to Persian service of CHN.


According to Sharifi, what has made this cemetery distinguished is the unique architectural style which was implemented in it. In the graves of this Iron Age cemetery, rectangle clay layers were used in a cross model, a method which was seldom practiced in the architecture of Iron Age graves in which most often stones were used. Similar graves have already been discovered in other parts of Semnan province such as Kharand and Gandab historical cemeteries.


Six historical hills belonging to Iron Age and Islamic periods have been identified so far during archaeological researches in the area of Semnan plain which archaeologists have succeeded in delimiting all of them. Sounding works in one of these historical sites resulted in unearthing a skeleton belonging to the Iron Age, which brought into light the existence of an ancient cemetery in the area.


Prior to this, archaeologists carried out some excavations in the Islamic district of Amir Shalough hill dating back to Ilkhanid era (1256-1336 CE) which led into discovery of a large number of metal historical relics including swords, engraved and coloured clays and a jar in the area. A number of nails have been also traced in the area based on which archaeologists have concluded that the region might have been used for temporary settlement of nomads during Ilkhanid occupation.  


Located in Semnan plain, Amir Shalogh hill will be submerged by inundation of Kalpoush Dam, which is why archaeologists have started their excavations in the area in an attempt to save the historical evidence which exists there.  




Extracted From/Source*: Cultural Heritage News Agency (CHN)


*Please note the above-news is NOT a "copy & paste" version from the mentioned-source. The news/article above has been modified with the following interventions by CAIS: Spelling corrections; -Rectification and correction of the historical facts and data; - Providing additional historical information within the text; -Removing any unnecessary, irrelevant & repetitive information.


All these measures have been taken in order to ensure that the published news provided by CAIS is coherent, transparent, accurate and suitable for academics and cultural enthusiasts who visit the CAIS website.



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