The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- Archaeological
excavations behind Kalpush Dam in Semnan province led into discovery of a unique
cemetery dating back to Iron Age II (1350 to 550 BCE) with earthen graves.
Iron Age cemetery in which archaeologists have recently started their
excavations is considered a part of Amir Shalough hill where prior to this
historical evidence belonging to Ilkhanid period were discovered. Since, we are
still keeping on our researches in Amir Sharlogh historic site, we have not yet
opened the graves to examine their burial gifts and skeletons,” said Mahnaz Sharifi,
head of excavation team behind Kalpoush dam in Semnan province to Persian
service of CHN.
to Sharifi, what has made this cemetery distinguished is the unique
architectural style which was implemented in it. In the graves of this Iron Age
cemetery, rectangle clay layers were used in a cross model, a method which was
seldom practiced in the architecture of Iron Age graves in which most often
stones were used. Similar graves have already been discovered in other parts of
Semnan province such as Kharand and Gandab historical cemeteries.
historical hills belonging to Iron Age and Islamic periods have been identified
so far during archaeological researches in the area of Semnan plain which
archaeologists have succeeded in delimiting all of them. Sounding works in one
of these historical sites resulted in unearthing a skeleton belonging to the
Iron Age, which brought into light the existence of an ancient cemetery in the
to this, archaeologists carried out some excavations in the Islamic district of
Amir Shalough hill dating back to Ilkhanid era (1256-1336 CE) which led into
discovery of a large number of metal historical relics including swords,
engraved and coloured clays and a jar in the area. A number of nails have been
also traced in the area based on which archaeologists have concluded that the
region might have been used for temporary settlement of nomads during Ilkhanid
in Semnan plain, Amir Shalogh hill will be submerged by inundation of Kalpoush
Dam, which is why archaeologists have started their excavations in the area in
an attempt to save the historical evidence which exists there.
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