The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- The unique wine production workshops
belonging to Sasanian dynastic era (224-651 CE) will be submerged without being
transferred to another place. The wine production workshop, which is the most
complete in its own kind ever found in Iran-proper, was discovered during the
second season of archaeological excavations conducted by Iranian-Polish joint
team in Bolaghi Valley.
According to Ali Asadi, head of
Iranian-Polish archaeology team in Bolaghi Valley, this earthenware construction
is consisted of a sloped surface with two small pools. After passing through
both pools and settling of sediments, the pure grape juice was poured into a big
Pointing out to the importance of this
unique historical evidence and the importance for saving it without bearing a
high expense, Asadi said: “The most economic and simple way for rescuing this
construction would be preparing moulage is exact sizes from the pools.
Afterwards, by destroying the smaller pool, the jar can be unearthed and then
the moulage and the jar can be transferred to Parse Pasargadae Research Centre
to be preserved as a sample of this unique historical construction.”
Located in Iranian Fars province, Bolaghi
Valley contains a large number of historical sites, some 133 of which have been
identified and unearthed during salvation project of Bolaghi Valley conducted by
attendance of archaeological teams from Iran and eight other countries. Bolaghi
Valley and the majority of historical sites identified in the area have already
been submerged after Islamic Republic president ordered the inundation of Sivand
Dam in April.
Area number 131 which was a prehistoric settlement as well as an Achaemenid village have been submerged so far. Currently by closing the floodgates of the dam and increasing the level of the reservoir, this unique Sasanian wine production workshop is on verge of being submerged forever. Warning Iran’s Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization (ICHTO) about the risky situation of this unique construction, archaeologists and cultural heritage experts have asked the Organization to make an emergency decision in this regard.
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