The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
LONDON, (CAIS) -- In an attempt to revisit different cultural periods existed in Iran’s central plateau during late Iron Age, archaeologists have succeeded in identifying a number of historic sites dating back to 3000 years ago which would push archaeological researches which have something to do with the Iron Age in Sialk hill into a new stage.
this news, Mehrdad Malekzadeh, archaeologist and head of the team for revising
studies of cultural periods of Iran’s Central Plateau during late Iron Age,
told Persian service of CHN: “One of the identified historical sites is a
cemetery belonging to the Iron Age near city of Natanz which is known as Milājerd
hill (Aancient Mīlādgerd). Evidence shows that the historical relics which
have been unearthed in the cemetery somehow resembles those which have been
found in A cemetery of Sialk. Anyway, we are determined to start field
researches in this cemetery which we hope to lead us to some considerable
the characteristics of this newly discovered historic site, Malekzadeh added:
“The area which is called Gholām hill, was identified accidentally 5
kilometres from Sialk Tappeh during the operations for widening a local road
which connects Kāshān to Niāsar. Initial studies in this historic hill
indicate existence of a stone architectural style similar to that which was
already observed in Shamshirgāh historic site in Qom.”
of excavation team in Sialk Tappeh further explained that the rare phenomenon
about this historic site is that while they have faced with a mono-periodic
site, evidence of clay relics similar those of 6th cultural period of
Sialk and its B cemetery can be seen in the area.
large number of engraved bricks resembles to those of Sialk 6 which the main
part of Sialk big architectural remain was decorated with have been found in the
area. Such similar bricks have been also found in Qoli Darvish historic site in
Qom,” added Malekzadeh.
further expressed hope that with conducting archaeological excavations in Gholām
Tappeh, a new season will be launched in archaeological studies about late Iron
that a large number of engraved bricks have been discovered so far in Sialk
Tappeh, Qoli Darvish, Shamshirgāh, and Gholām Tappeh historical sites,
Malekzadeh said: “After finishing our researches, we are determined to find
out the original design of these stones to publish them in a book with the title
of Iron Age Engraved Bricks.”
historical site is consisted of two northern and southern ancient hills, 600
meters apart from each other, situated southwest of Kashan, Iranian Esfahan
province. Sialk has also two cemeteries which date back to 3500 and 300 years
ago. Based on archaeological investigations carried out by both the French and
Iranian teams, 6 cultural periods were differentiated in ancient hills of Sialk.
Sialk is claimed to be the most ancient ziggurat of the world dating back to the 5th millennium BCE. Although what has remained from this 6000-year-old ziggurat is not in a favourable condition.
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