The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- Despite the high importance of wine production structures dating
back to Sassanid dynastic era (224-651 CE) as one of the most unique discoveries in
Bolaghi Valley, no measure has been undertaken yet for transferring them. This
is while with inundation of Sivand Dam, these unique historical evidence will be
Sassanid wine production structures were unearthed during three seasons of
archaeological excavations in area number 64 of Bolaghi Valley and are among the
most unique architectural structures have ever been discovered in Bolaghi
Valley. However, despite their significant importance they have not been
transferred from Bolaghi Valley,” said Ali Asadi, Iranian head of Irano-Polish
archaeology team in Bolaghi Valley.
joint team in Bolaghi Valley succeeded in discovering four structures which were
used for wine production during Sassanid dynastic era in their excavations in
area number 64 of Bolaghi Valley. However, among these four structures only one
can be transferred to another place.
four structures are consisted of 4x2.5 meters pools which were constructed with
plaster, compressed lime. Among these four structures, one has remained almost
intact and can be saved. These wine production pools were made out of a gentle
slope and grape juice were poured in wine jars through a canal,” said Asadi to
Persian service of CHN.
to Asadi, plant archaeology studies on the discovered seeds inside the jars
approved the existence of grapes in these jars during ancient times.
to this, Parse Pasargadae Research Centre succeeded in transferring two
7000-year-old clay kilns from Bolaghi Valley, which are currently been kept in
the current situation of these discovered wine production structures, Asadi
said: “Due to growth of a special kind of tree called Band, two of these
structures have been somehow destroyed and only one structure which compare to
the other ones is smaller is size has remained almost intact. Since this
structure was supposed to be transferred, its jar has not been unearthed yet.
Although with unearthing the jar, the small pool will be destroyed as well.”
number 64 is one of the most prominent areas in Bolaghi Valley, where some
valuable discoveries have been made so far. With inundation of Sivand Dam, this
area will be completely submerged.
Bolaghi Valley, located 4 kilometres from the World Heritage Site of Pasargadae in Fars province, is one of the most important archaeological sites in Iran where a large number of historical evidence including the remains of a village belonging to the Achaemenid dynastic era (550-330 BCE) have been discovered. With the flooding of Sivand Dam which was recently built in Bolaghi Valley, hundreds of historical relics unearthed so far would be submerged. With the cooperation of Sivand Dam authorities and Parse Pasargadae Research Centre, some joint teams from Iran and foreign countries have started the salvation project of Bolaghi Valley to save the main historic and archaeological remains of this ancient site before the inundation of the Dam.
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