The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- Continuation of archaeological excavations
in cemetery of the Sasanian city behind Salman-e Farsi Dam, Fars province, led
into discovery of a number of graves with different burial methods belonging to
post-Achaemenid (333-248 BCE), Sasanian (224-651) and post-Sasanian (651-861 CE)
period. Experts believe that this new discovery shows that residency in this
city existed during different historical periods and it was not just limited to
Sasanian dynastic era.
this news, Alireza Jafari Zand, head of excavation team behind Salman-e Farsi
Dam told Persian service of CHN: “With a little difference the burial methods
practiced in this historic site during post-Achaemenid and Sasanian dynastic
eras are very similar. However, due to their significant difference, those
belonging to early Islamic period are easily distinguishable.”
discovered post-Achaemenid burials behind Salman-e Farsi Dam resembles to those
unearthed in Rahmat Mountain near Persepolis historic site in which the mountain
was cut and dug away and the corpse was put inside. The statuettes discovered in
this historic cemetery are also very similar to those found in Rahmat Mountain.
are many secrets about burial methods during Sasanian era, however, archaeology
team has succeeded in discovering a clay vessel which was engraved with
Sasanian-Pahlavi which will be used for chronology,” added Jafari Zand.
to the head of excavation team behind Salman-e Farsi Dam, the remarkable point
about this historic cemetery is that the burials were conducted in two different
places and with burying their corpse on heights of the mountain during Sasanian
dynastic era, the post-Achaemenid section which was on the foot hill remained
large historic cemetery has been several times plundered by illegal diggers
which have resulted in destruction of a number of graves.
of Salman-e Farsi Dam by the Islamic republic started in 1994 - however no
serious attempt was made to save the pre-Islamic sites located behind the dam.
Following spreading news about the first phase of inundation of the dam which
took place on March 2007 without obtaining permission from Iran’s Cultural
Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO), cultural heritage experts voiced
their objections towards this measure and asked the authorities of the dam and
the regime’s Ministry of Energy to postpone filling the reservoir of the dam
until archaeological excavations in the Sasanian city behind the dam is
completed, in which the request was denied.
The Sasanian city which is located behind Salman-e Farsi Dam is consisted of 21 historical sites and it is considered one of the main residential settlements of Sasanian dynastic era in Fars province. Inundation of Salman-e Farsi Dam would pose a real threat to invaluable historic evidence lying behind the dam.
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