The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- By
deciphering the newly discovered Old-Persian inscription in Kharg Island located in Persian
Gulf which is believed to have belonged to Achaemenid dynastic era (550-330
BCE), five new words have been added to the Old-Persian lexicon.
is for the first time that an Old-Persian inscription has been ever been discovered
in Karg (also Khark) Island and five of the six words carved in this inscription, have never
been seen before in any other Old-Persian inscriptions.
to the Persian service of CHN, Reza Moradi Ghias-Abadi, archaeologist and
expert of ancient languages, who have succeeded to read the discovered
inscription in Kharg Island through the pictures which have been sent by local
people, said that the details and final result will be clarified by researches
who will attend the area to study the inscription.
Achaemenid inscription has been recently unearthed accidentally during the road
construction activities in Kharg Island, northwest of Persian Gulf and in
inscription was carved on a piece of coral reef, measuring
85x116cm. Although this inscription has been separated from its original
place, evidence indicates that it must have been carved on a coral cliff in the
island and was not portable.
cuneiform inscription is consisted of six lines which apparently each line is
consisting one word in Old-Persian script.
first four lines of this inscription have been separated by a narrow long line
from the rest two lines. While all the Achaemenid imperial inscriptions were
royal text and were carved very delicately, the appearance of this crude
inscription shows that it must have been carved in a hurry.
The Old-Persian cuneiform which was called Aryan (OP. ariyā) was created during the reign of Darius the Great (r.549-485 BCE). However, some scholars believe that Aryan was invented by the first Iranian dynasty, the Medians (728-550 BCE), and then adopted by the Achaemenids as the imperial script. The script continued to survive, though in a corrupt form as late as the first century BCE.
characteristic of Kharg inscription is a combination of both early and late
Achaemenid period. Working on Kharg cuneiform inscription revealed that that the
style of early Achaemenid period was implemented in writing the last two lines
of the inscription and the late Achaemenid writing style was incised in the
first four lines.
inscription is also is being studied by the linguists at “The Research Centre
of linguistics, Inscriptional and Manuscript Studies” (RCLIM) in Tehran. On
Monday the RCLIM announced that any decipherment of the inscription by individuals
considered to be unofficial and possibly wrong.
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