The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
LONDON, (CAIS) -- It is possible that five words have been added to our knowledge of the Old-Persian language by the recent discovery of a stone inscription on Kharg Island in the Persian Gulf, the Persian service of CHN reported on Tuesday.
cuneiform inscription, comprising six words on six different horizontal lines
inscribed on a piece of uneven rock encrusted with corals, has been found last
week during a road construction project. Measuring about a meter square, the
rock has become detached from its original terrain.
studies show the artefact dates back to the Achaemenid dynastic era (550-330
first, second, fifth and sixth words are quite easily legible, but the third and
fourth words are difficult to make out due to erosion, explained expert on
ancient languages Reza Moradi-Ghiasabadi.
has deciphered the inscription from photos sent to him by the locals.
to Moradi-Ghiasabadi, the first word reads “aahe” or “ahe”, which means “was”
or “were”. This word has frequently been observed in ancient Persian
inscriptions. However, the other five words are new discoveries.
second word reads “sakosha” or “sakusha”.
word obviously denotes a particular name, which has so far never been seen in
any ancient inscription, but it is similar to words used by the Scythians,” Moradi-Ghiasabadi
two letters of the third word are legible and these read “hi”. Again, only
two letters of the fourth word are decipherable and these are pronounced
“ka” and “aa”.
fifth word reads “bahanam”, for which no meaning has been found.
sixth word seems to be damaged but the end of it reads “kha”.
inscription has been made both quickly and carelessly and its writer has not
used the cuneiform comma as every word has been inscribed on a separate line.
artefact has three crown-shaped motifs incised in a side-ways fashion in the
middle of the inscription and also at the beginning of the third and fourth
lines. The motifs are similar to the crowns of some of the Sasanian king of
urged that the object should first be examined for authenticity.
cited some points which throw doubt on the genuineness of the inscription:
careless and fast writing -- which is not commonly observed in previously
discovered Achaemenid inscriptions -- slight layers of sediment on the edges and
insides of the letters, multi-typography style of the inscription, unknown words
and the use of strange motifs resembling the Sasanid Imperial crown in an
allegedly Achaemenid artefact.
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