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8000-Year-Old Settlement Discovered behind Galabar Dam


20 October 2007



LONDON, (CAIS) -- Archaeological excavations behind Galabar dam in Zanjan province ended after four and half month of continual efforts in the region. Discovering of more than 30 graves and burial gifts belonging to Chalcolithic (Copper) and Iron Ages, a number of architectural evidence ranging in date from Chalcolithic age to post-Sasanian period were among the most important achievements during salvation activities behind Galabar Dam.


Initially 16 and then further 8 graves have been identified in the cemeteries belonging to the third Iron Age I and III, discovered behind the dam. Additional 7 graves belonging to children buried in the floor of the houses during Chalcolithic age have been also discovered during archaeological excavations behind Galabar dam.


Announcing this news, Abolfazl Aali, head of salvation team behind Galabar dam explained that historical evidence show the settlement in the region since Chalcolithic age to the post-Sasanian periods.


Located on the path of Sajas River, archaeologists have succeeded in tracing three Iron Ages sites dating back to 3500 years ago, a historical site belonging to Chalcolithic age (some 8000 years ago), and a Parthian fortress.


According to Aali, two historic gaps can be seen regarding the residency of human beings in the region. One belonging to Bronze Age (third millennium BCE) and the other is related to Achaemenid dynastic era (550-330 BCE).


The inundation of Galabar dam started by the Islamic Republic on March 2007 without getting the approval of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department of Zanjan province. Soon after hearing the news, cultural heritage authorities informed about the possibility of existence of historical sites behind the dam and asked the authorities of the dam to give them the chance to conduct archaeological excavations behind the dam by stopping the inundation of the dam until the end of salvation project. However, all these prehistoric and historic evidence will submerge by inundation of the dam.


A fortress belonging to Parthian (248 BCE-224 CE) dynasty and post-Sasanian periods (651 AD afterwards) are once of the other prominent discoveries behind Galabar dam. The fortress will remain like as an island amid the reservoir after inundation of the dam. 




Extracted From/Source*: Cultural Heritage News Agency (CHN)


*Please note the above-news is NOT a "copy & paste" version from the mentioned-source. The news/article above has been modified with the following interventions by CAIS: Spelling corrections; -Rectification and correction of the historical facts and data; - Providing additional historical information within the text; -Removing any unnecessary, irrelevant & repetitive information.


All these measures have been taken in order to ensure that the published news provided by CAIS is coherent, transparent, accurate and suitable for academics and cultural enthusiasts who visit the CAIS website.



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