The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- Archaeological
excavations behind Galabar dam in Zanjan province ended after four and half
month of continual efforts in the region. Discovering of more than 30 graves and
burial gifts belonging to Chalcolithic
and Iron Ages, a number of architectural evidence ranging in date from
Chalcolithic age to post-Sasanian period were among the most important
achievements during salvation activities behind Galabar Dam.
16 and then further 8 graves have been identified in the cemeteries belonging to
the third Iron Age I and III, discovered behind the dam. Additional 7 graves
belonging to children buried in the floor of the houses during Chalcolithic age
have been also discovered during archaeological excavations behind Galabar dam.
this news, Abolfazl Aali, head of salvation team behind Galabar dam explained
that historical evidence show the settlement in the region since Chalcolithic
age to the post-Sasanian periods.
on the path of Sajas River, archaeologists have succeeded in tracing three Iron
Ages sites dating back to 3500 years ago, a historical site belonging to
Chalcolithic age (some 8000 years ago), and a Parthian fortress.
to Aali, two historic gaps can be seen regarding the residency of human beings
in the region. One belonging to Bronze Age (third millennium BCE) and the other
is related to Achaemenid dynastic era (550-330 BCE).
inundation of Galabar dam started by the Islamic Republic on March 2007 without
getting the approval of the Cultural Heritage and Tourism Department of Zanjan
province. Soon after hearing the news, cultural heritage authorities informed
about the possibility of existence of historical sites behind the dam and asked
the authorities of the dam to give them the chance to conduct archaeological
excavations behind the dam by stopping the inundation of the dam until the end
of salvation project. However, all these prehistoric and historic evidence will
submerge by inundation of the dam.
fortress belonging to Parthian (248 BCE-224 CE) dynasty and post-Sasanian
periods (651 AD afterwards) are once of the other prominent discoveries behind
Galabar dam. The fortress will remain like as an island amid the reservoir after
inundation of the dam.
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