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Architectural Remains of of Khosrow Parviz Last Palace Discovered in Bistun


08 September 2007




LONDON, (CAIS) -- Previous archaeological excavations in Bistun plain, located in Iranian Kermanshah province, resulted in discovery of a number of chambers belonging to a caravanserai dating back to Ilkhanid period (1256-1336 CE).


Announcing this news, Mehdi Rahbar, head of Bistun excavation team, further explained about discovery of stones of Bistun mountain under the remnants of this Ilkhanid caravanserai, which were scraped in order to be implemented for construction of the last palace of Khosrow ii Parviz OF THE Sasanian dynastY. According to Rahbar, the name of the stonemason was also carved on the stones.


“The construction of this Sasanian palace was left unfinished and later during Ilkhanid era it was changed into a caravanserai. The chambers of this caravanserai were erected around an 80x85 square meters area,” said Rahbar to Persian service of CHN.


Archaeological studies show that the caravanserai was completely destroyed due to an earthquake hit the area. Afterwards during the Timurid era (1370-1506 CE) the caravanserai was used every now and then by some groups and then it was completely abandoned. A village was erected on the ruins of this ancient caravanserai during Qajar dynastic era (1787-1921 CE).


The first sounding works in the region was conducted by a German archaeology team during 1963-1967. In an attempt to unearth the Sasanian palace, existence of which was evident to archaeologists, in 1971 Iran’s Archaeology Research Centre decided to transfer the village which was constructed on the remains of the palace to somewhere else.


Then an Iranian team under supervision of Mehdi Rahbar started the first season of archaeological excavations in the area in 1976 which led into tracing architectural evidence in the region. However, due to the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran and aftermath issues, archaeological excavations were put off for a couple of years and then were picked up again in 2001 which resulted in tracing the remains of an Ilkhanid caravanserai.


Bistun is located along the ancient trade route linking the Iranian high plateau with Mesopotamia and features remains from the prehistoric times to the Median, Achaemenid, Parthian Sasanian dynasties as well as Ilkhanid period. The principal monument of this archaeological site is the bas-relief and cuneiform inscription ordered by Darius the Great, the Achaemenid King, when he rose to the throne of the Persian Empire in 521 BCE.


Bistun was inscribed in list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Site in 2006.


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