The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
By Hamid Golpira
LONDON, (CAIS) -- Roads from many different eras converge in the Bolaghi Valley/Pasargadae area, showing the continuity of Iranian history, according to Parsa-Pasargadae Research Center Director Mohammad Hassan Talebian.
Bolaghi Valley has over 130 important archaeological sites, but only 24 will be
submerged by the reservoir of the Sivand Dam when it is filled, Dr. Talebian
told the Tehran Times in an interview at the Persepolis Complex.
The Bolaghi Valley is located in Fars Province and stretches for about 15 kilometers from the Bolaghi Pass (Tang-e Bolaghi) to the Sivand Dam and then for several more kilometers after the dam. The Bolaghi Pass is about four kilometers from the village of Pasargad, which is beside the ruins of the ancient Persian capital of Pasargadae.
area was previously called Tang-e Bolaghi, but since most of the ancient sites
are in the valley that opens up after the mountain pass, experts changed its
appellation to the Bolaghi Valley or Tang-e Bolaghi in Persian.
project called the Archaeological Rescue Excavations of the Bolaghi Valley was
implemented from 2004 to 2007 to study the archaeological sites before the
filling of the reservoir of the Sivand Dam flooded a large section of the
valley, a process which is currently underway, unfortunately.
cultural landscape of Pasargadae, the Bolaghi Valley, and the surrounding area
covers about 400 square kilometers, Talebian explained.
research in the area was conducted to discover information about the systems and
the lifestyles of the various eras, he added.
went on to say that UNESCO has agreed to help Iran with the cultural management
plan for the area.
Japanese-Iranian team that was working in the Bolaghi Valley discovered the
ruins of an Achaemenid dynastic era (550-330 BCE) dam very near the location of the Sivand Dam which
surprisingly used much of the same type of technology as the modern dam,
ancient dam fed an irrigation system, he added.
of the sites that is being submerged by the reservoir of the Sivand Dam is a
6000-year-old Bakun period pottery workshop with several kilns that was
discovered by the German-Iranian archaeological team, which was led by Barbara
Helwing, the head of the Tehran branch of the German Archaeological Institute,
and Mojgan Seyedin, who is a member of the Iranian Center for Archaeological
German-Iranian team also unearthed a number of skeletons and numerous shards
from the Bakun period (late 5th to early 4th millennium BCE).
hundred meters from the pottery workshop, the team excavated a settlement where
the prehistoric people who established the workshop lived. That site will also
stated that two of the 6000-year-old clay kilns discovered in the Bolaghi Valley
were moved to the nearby Pasargadae Research Center through the use of a special
technique developed by the craftsmen of the Persepolis Complex.
are to be put on display in a new museum that is being built next to the
Pasargadae Research Center.
director of the Parsa-Pasargadae Research Center noted that the University of
Chicago has 30,000 ancient Iranian tablets or fragments of tablets bearing
cuneiform inscriptions in its possession and has translated 3000 of them, but
added that they are gradually being returned to Iran.
also described an Achaemenid era palace that the French-Iranian archaeological
team discovered in the Bolaghi Valley.
is believed that it was constructed for Darius the Great because some of the
columns bear craftsmen’s marks similar to the craftsmen’s marks discovered
in the palace of Darius I in Persepolis, he said.
wooden beams were discovered at the palace along with some pottery and
earthenware canteens from the Achaemenid era, he stated.
the controversy surrounding the Bolaghi Valley and the Sivand Dam project,
Talebian said, “Cultural matters shouldn’t be politicized.”
Tehran Times also spoke to Pasargadae Research Center archaeologist Farhad Zarei.
discovered the Pars Wall in the Bolaghi Valley.
wall stretches for at least 10 kilometers, but experts say more of the structure
may be discovered in the future.
believes the Pars Wall was built during the Parthian dynasty (248 BCE - 224 CE), although many
archaeologists have surmised that it is from the Achaemenid era.
also showed me one of the passageways cut into the mountainsides above the
Bolaghi Valley during the Achaemenid era. He explained that there are nine
passageways on one side of the valley and sixteen on the other side.
experts say these passageways were part of the Achaemenid Royal Road, but Zarei
said he believes the passageways were actually water channels constructed in
are many rumors about the threat that the Sivand Dam poses to the ancient
Persian capital of Pasargadae, but they are for the most part inaccurate.
Pasargadae will not be submerged by the reservoir of the Sivand Dam. However, some experts believe the increased humidity caused by the large lake that will eventually be only four or five kilometers away from the ancient site could cause some damage to Pasargadae, which is home to the tomb of Cyrus the Great, two of his palaces, and some other Achaemenid dynastic era structures.
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