The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- After
3 months continuous researches in Sistan plain located in Iranian southeastern
province of Sistan va Baluchestan, identifying 810 historic and prehistoric
sites was the main achievement of the first season of archaeological
this news, Reza Mehafarin, head of the archaeology team of Sistan va Baluchestan
University told Persian service of CHN: “11 districts from 22 districts of
archaeological areas of Sistan plain have undergone researches during the first
phase of archaeological excavations in the area which have resulted in
identifying 810 prehistoric and historic sites in the region. Discovery of such
a large number of historical sites indicates the existence of a historical site
in each 5 to 6 kilometres of Sistan plain.”
research project was conducted with attendance of 25 experts and based on
systematic methods in Sistan plain. According to Mehrafarin, after identifying
each historic site, some other activities such as registering and documenting,
identifying the geographical coordinates based on GPS, clarifying their limits
and their topography, as well as collecting the cultural evidence of the area
necessary for its chronology have been conducted.
the 11 districts which have undergone researches, Mehrafarin explained: “Due
to its small area, no historic site was identified in Mahmoudi district. However
the number of historic and prehistoric sites in other districts are as follows:
60 sites in Ghorghori, 2 sites in northern Zabol, 92 sites in Dust Mohammad
Khan, 208 in district one of Zabol, 22 sites in district two of Zabol, 26 sites
in Kuhak, 60 sites in Zahak, 35 sites in Mohammadabad, 60 sites in Sana Rud.
Having 302 historical sites, Rostam Fort broke the record in number of
the identified sites ranging in date from prehistoric to the post-Sasanian
period, the majority of post-Sasanian sites have been traced in the first
district of Zabol. Locating near Rud Desert which was settled since 5000 years
ago, Rostam Fort region contained the most number of prehistoric sites.
is amazing regarding the archaeological achievements in Sistan plain during
these excavations is the variety of archaeological sites in Sistan plain which
has made the whole area as a unique research base for archaeologists.
these researches, archaeologists have succeeded in tracing a number of
historical sites dating back to post-Achaemenid (330-248 BCE) period as well as
the Parthian (248 BCE-224 CE) dynastic era which was never seen before in Sistan
plain. These discoveries opened a new horizon for archaeologists to continue
their studies to find more about these two historic periods in Sistan plain.
remains of big Islamic cities dating back to 12-15 centuries have been
identified in the region, no evidence belonging to the advent of Islam has been
traced in the area so far.
of the other issues which have somehow puzzled archaeologists during the first
phase of researches in Sistan plain, is existence of a historic gap between
the years of 2000 to1500 BCE, since they have not found any historical evidence
belonging to this period of history,” said Merafarin.
researches in Sistan plain is a joint project conducted by Iran’s Archaeology
Research Centre and Sistan va Baluchestan University in an attempt to prepare
the archaeological atlas of Sistan va Baluchestan province.
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