The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- An Iranian-French archaeological team has excavated an Achaemenid dam
located in Fars Province, 30 kilometres northeast of Pasargadae.
It was the first time the
dam had been excavated, Hamidreza Karami, an archaeologist based at Pasargadae,
told the Tehran Times in an interview at the site on April 01.
There are two ancient dams in the Hana
Pass (Tang-e Hanā) which were built approximately 2500 years ago in the
beginning of the Achaemenid dynastic era (550-330 BCE).
archaeological team excavated Dam number 1 in February and March 2008 but did
not excavate Dam number 2.
Karami said the dams
appear to have been built for some industrial purpose, perhaps to power mills,
since there were no agricultural activities in the area in ancient times which
would have required irrigation.
They may have also been
used to prevent floods of the Sivand River, which is also called the Polvar
River, he added.
The water channels of Dam
2 are lower than those of Dam 1, and the reservoir formed by Dam 2 was bigger
than the one formed by Dam 1, Karami explained.
The French members of the
team that worked on the dam were also part of the Iranian-French archaeological
team that excavated an Achaemenid dynastic era palace in the Bolaghi Valley
which experts believe was built by Darius the Great.
The Bolaghi Valley, which
begins about four kilometres from Pasargadae, is home to over 130 important
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