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LATEST ARCHAEOLOGICAL & CULTURAL NEWS OF IRAN & THE IRANIAN WORLD

 

Wheat, Lentil and Barley were Part of Sialkians Diet in 6,000BCE

 

16 April 2008

 

 

LONDON, (CAIS) -- Archaeologists have discovered a number of ancient plants and cereal grains used 8,000 years ago by Tappeh Sialk's settlers, reported Persian service of ICHTO on Tuesday.


"Remains of plant fibres and cereal grains found in the northern mound have revealed that wheat, lentil, barley and linen were the main vegetations used by the Neolithic people in Tappeh Sialk (also Siyalk)" said Hengameh Ilkhani, a senior archaeobotanist working at Sialk site told Persian service of Aryan News Agency of ICHTO.

She added "with further study on the mounds and future finds we will have a better picture of the economy of the region during this period. Also we will learn what agricultural techniques and methods were deployed." 


With regard to Sialk and the origin of agriculture Ilkahni asserted: "with the discovery of these plants it shows the transition of the type of diet during the Neolithic period, vegetables, cereals and plants were replaced the meat as the main diet."

 

"We have also discovered charcoal in the northern mound and are currently conducting a number of tests to establish the different types of wood used during the Neolithic period, and whether the trees were burnt only for fuel purposes, or had other applications such as a remedy for curing the sick or as colour pigments for dyes. These are the questions that we are trying to find answers for."

 

In this season archaeologists are continuing works of Sadeq Shamirzadi Malek, whose studies began to identify the social, economical, political, and governmental systems of different historical periods in Sialk.

 

Archaeologists from Iran, Britain, France, Germany, and Italy have been studying the Sialk's northern mound for past two weeks.

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