Archeological and Cultural News of Iran and the Iranian World
Existence of a Sasanian Fire Temple in Sarab-e Mort
Mort site (Click
(CAIS) -- Archaeologists working at Sarab-Mort site in Kermanshah Province
have announced the news of
the possible discovery of a Sasanian Fire Temple adjacent to the Parthian Manor house, reported Persian service of ISNA on Monday 21, 2008.
“During this year’s [archaeological salvage] excavation, we have unearthed the religious section of the
structure; it consists of a Chahar-Taqi (free-standing Zoroastrian Fire Temple), which in fact was a private chapel,” said Yousef Moradi, director of archaeological salvage operation team at Sarab-e Mort.
Parthian manor house consists of various sections including official, administrative, ceremonial and religious.
Moradi stated: “we started our excavation in the Parthian manor house last year. Last
season we discovered the official, administrative and ceremonial quarters, and this year
the religious section. However, the residential quarter has totally been destroyed and there is no hope of finding the private chamber belonging to the lord of the
Initially, the private and residential sectors of the manor-house were destroyed
partly in 1980s during the Iran-Iraq war and the remaining part was demolished
in recent decade as the result of the dam construction activities.
In regard to the Zoroastrian fire temple he said: “located in the southern corner of the
structure there is a small area, which points out to its function and origin as a Sasanian fire temple. However, we cannot
be sure until we complete our excavation.”
According to Moradi, the manor house was built during the Parthian dynastic era (248 BCE -224 CE) and was in use during the succeeding dynasty, the Sasanians (224-651
CE). Apparently the discovered religious section was an annexation.
Further excavations however at a lower level will shed more light about its origin.
Iranian archaeologists began their second and last season of archaeological salvage operation at Sarab-Mort archaeological
site in Kermanshah Province in
February 2008, prior to the site soon being submerged once the newly built Dam becomes operational.
Discovery of plaster in the ceremonial hall indicates that the walls of this building were most probably covered with stucco-decorations which have been destroyed over time. This manor house covered an area about
5,000 square meters.
Sarab-Mort is situated near a stream known under the same name and it is located 3 kilometres east of Gilangharb in Kermanshah province. The site
consists of three archaeological mounds (Tappeh).
The area of Sarab Mort is renowned for its mort (myrtle) trees. Myrtle was considered as a sacred plant by the ancient Iranians, and its leaves and fruits were used during Mithra and Anahita cultic ceremonies.
News bulletin published in Persian by ISNA , and translated and
modified by CAIS [*]