The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- Today
is the anniversary of “Battle of the Persian Gate” which is the symbol of
Iranian bravery and ultimate sacrifice.
2338 years ago a
regiment of the Persian army, led by the General Ario-Barzan held up the vast
Alexander’s Macedonian army for 30 days before finally yielding to the sheer
number of Macedonian army lead by Alexander II.
son of Artabazus was a Persian nobleman appointed as the
satrap of Persepolis and Persis (the southern province of Fars in present-day
Iran) by king Darius III, in 335 BCE.
many researchers it is surprising that Darius III had appointed a satrap for
Persepolis and Persis. It seems that previously, this office did not exist.
the Iranian defeat at Gaugamela in 331 BCE, Darius realized he could not defend
his ceremonial capital Persepolis and travelled east to rebuild his armies,
leaving Ariobarzan in command.
Alexander split his army and led his 14,000 strong force towards the Persepolis
via the Persian Gates (Darband-e Pars).
Ariobarzan with his regiment (1000 or 1200 soldiers) successfully ambushed
overwhelming Alexander's army, inflicting heavy casualties. The General’s
success at the Battle of the Persian Gate was short lived though; after being
held off for 30 days Alexander outflanked and destroyed the defending warriors.
Ariobarzan along with
his sister Youtāb who was
one of his captains and remaining 500 soldiers lost their lives defending Iran.
sources indicate that Azriobarzan was betrayed by a captured tribal chief named
Libāni or Lubāni who
showed the Macedonians an alternate path that allowed them to outflank
Alexander’s heirs ruled Iran for nearly 90 years until in a national uprising led by Arsaces I, the founder of third Iranian dynastic empire, the Arscaids defeated the invaders and freed Iranian from foreign oppression.
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