The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- A team of Iranian archaeologists confirmed that the ancient site of
Bakhe-Nam (Bākh-Nām) was a permanent habitation during the reign of fourth
Iranian dynasty and the second Persian empire, the Sasanians (224-651 CE).
The team led by Bayan Pirani was
assigned by the Ilam Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Department (ICHTHD)
to precisely demarcate the site, which is located in the southern city of Ilam
in western Iran.
“In the course of their
excavations, the team has unearthed the remains of slag, the ruins of kilns, and
a number of shards dating back to the Sasanian [dynastic] period,” Pirani told
the Persian service of CHN on Monday.
As a result of the studies carried
out on the findings, the archaeologists believe that the Sasanians used the site
as their permanent residential area and a pottery centre, he explained.
Covering an area of 15 hectares, the
site has been divided into an eastern and a western section by the Sarab River.
Because of this division, the Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts
Organization (CHTHO) had mistakenly considered it as two sites and registered it
as such on the Iranian National Heritage List in two files in 2002.
According to the new demarcation,
Pirani believes that Bakhe-Nam should be listed as a single site.
When the archaeologists came to Bakhe-Nam,
they began demarcating the site in the south. When private landowners prevented
them from working on this portion of the site, they had to continue their work
in other areas and based it on maps and documents available to them in the
The new studies have provided evidence suggesting that Bakhe-Nam had enjoyed a strategic location at the crossroads of ancient major routes.
The team also discovered some artefacts that indicate the site had been used as a permanent habitation during the post-Sasanian period (651-861 CE) in Iran.
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