The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- Column
bases of the Achaemenid Apadana Palace of ancient Susa in Khuzestan Province
have recently been demolished by vandals.
palace’s remaining column bases have been broken into two pieces and the
Old-Persian cuneiform inscriptions on the base have been obliterated, the
Khuzestan Cultural Heritage Lovers Society (Tariana) spokesman Mojtaba Gahestuni
told the Persian service of CHN on Sunday.
stone inscriptions have been severed and scattered around the ancient
archaeological site, he added.
reason for the destruction of the artefacts is not clear,” Gahestuni remarked,
adding, “The incident probably results from the vandals’ ignorance of the
historical significance of the relics.”
went on to say that many problems are caused by the lack of protection and
appropriate fencing around the site which covers about 360 hectares.
Khuzestan Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Department (KCHTHD)
undertook the installation of rods around the zone, but the measure was
inadequate and has not prevented unauthorized people from entering the
precinct,” Gahestuni explained.
to Gahestuni, the use of concrete and iron rods for demarcation purposes has
even led to some damage to the area.
Apadana Palace is also being threatened by the construction of a preparatory
school on its perimeter.
early December, Tariana sent letters to the Islamic regime’s president Mahmud
Ahmadinejad, asking him put a stop to the project – but the letter not so
surprisingly was ignored.
school building, which is to be four stories tall, will spoil the horizontal
view from the palace ruins.
addition, the historical metropolis of Susa, which has been inhabited for over
7000 years, is being spoilt by regime’s Municipality’s construction of a
passenger bus terminal in the Shush city’s southern section.
have previously given warning of the chaotic situation at the site, pointing out
that such disorder has facilitated the illegal activities of smugglers who have
managed to carry out excavations in search of antiquities.
some have claimed who try to be politically correct, that the vandalism was done
out of ignorance, but everyone knows that it was done on purpose – the
evidence is the razing of the Old-Persian cuneiform inscription from the
base”, said an archaeologists with KCHTHD
who wished to remain anonymous for his safety.
Same archaeologist added: “this crime against our national heritage either was done by the regime's elements, who are against anything Iranian in particular pre-Islamic, or the Arab settlers of the province, who are anti-Iranians and have always acted as a fifth column in our country, esp during the Iran-Iraq war – which the Islamic regime has increased their numbers since 1980s”.
Susa is one of the oldest-known settlements in the world, which possibly was founded about 4200 BCE, although the first traces of an inhabited village have been dated to ca. 7000 BCE.
historic times, Susa was the primary capital of the Elamite Empire, and was
known as Šušan and Šušun. The city appears in the Sumerian records of Enmerkar and the Lord of Aratta, and it is
described as one of the places obedient to Inanna, patron deity of Uruk.
Great incorporated Susa to the Achaemnid Persian Empire in 538 BCE, and later under his son Cambyses II, the capital of the dynastic
Empire was moved from Pasargadae to Susa. The city lost some of its importance when
Alexander of Macedon sacked and looted the city in 331 BCE. After Alexander,
Susa fell to his successors, the Seleucids. The city was finally
liberated by the third Iranian dynasty, the Parthians who made
Susa as one of their capitals alongside Ctesiphon.
Susa was destroyed at least four times in its’ history. The first was in 647 BCE, by the Assyrian king, Assurbanipal; the second destruction took place in 331BCE by Alexander; the third destruction was done in 338 CE, by the Moslem’s invading armies. Finally, in 1218, the city was completely destroyed by invading Mongols. The ancient city was gradually abandoned in the years that followed - and now its' remains witnesses the last blow to its existence by the Islamic regime and Arab settlers of the province.
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