The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- Iraqi
archaeologists have resumed excavations in southern Iraq uncovering three
important ancient sites and collecting magnificent items.
museum’s information officer, Abdulzahara al-Talaqani, said said
Iraqi diggers have come across “a very important” Parthian site which has so
far yielded “200 rare pieces”.
The head of
the excavation team of the Parthian site, Mohammed Abbas, said: “Most of the
finds are unique. We have a silver statue of a woman, another silver piece
representing a cobra, household utensils, legendary animals, incised pots and
various other magnificent items.”
post-Sasanian site has also yielded 119 pieces. Saleh Yousef who led the excavation
there said the artifacts represented inscribed pots, glassware and beautiful
territories that today is known as Iraq had became part of Persian Achaemenid
Empire during the reign of Cyrus the Great after conquering Babylon in 539BCE. The territory almost uninterruptedly remained Iranian until 7th century
CE, apart from temporarily Seleucid occupation
which later was liberated by Parthian dynasty of Iran.
Iraq finally was
occupied by Muslim-Arab invaders in 7th century, and as the result
of mass migration from Arabian peninsula to the region, it has been predominantly
occupied by Arabs - the only Iranian stock that still live in the region are
Kurds which have occupied the northern territories.
city of Ctesiphon, located on the east bank of the Tigris
and approximately 35 kms south of modern Baghdad, was served as the Imperial capital of two major Iranian dynasties, the
Parthians (248 BCE – 224 CE)
Sasanians (224-651 CE). During the
reign the Sasanian King of Kings Khosrow I (anūšak.rūwān,
the immortal soul - r. 531-579 CE) the former Persian land was part of Khvārvarān, which was
divided into four
quarters and subdivided
to provinces of Mishān, Asuristān, Ādiābene and Lower Media.
modern term Iraq is
an Arabic form derivative form of Persian Ērāk (lower Iran), and is
widely used in the medieval Arabic sources for the area in the centre and south
of the modern republic as a geographic rather than a political term, implying no
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