Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
Archaeological and Cultural News of Iran and the Iranian World
Archaeologists Return to Shoghali Tappeh
(CAIS) -- Archaeologists have recently resumed excavation at the 7000-year-old site at Shoghali Tappeh in Pishva.
This is the third season the mound, located near the city of Varamin in southeastern Tehran Province, is being excavated by an archaeological team led by Moteza Hesari, the Persian service of CHN reported on Wednesday.
The team was scheduled to begin the season of excavation in early August, but it was postponed and Hesari declined to explain the reasons behind the delay.
However, the Research Section director of Tehran Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Department, Ali Farhani, said that “some administrative problems” were the reasons for the postponement.
“The team, which has begun working over the past few days, plans to carry out an in-depth study on the site’s strata,” he explained.
According to Farhani, the site contains strata dating from the 5th millennium BC to the late Iron Age.
Shoghali Tappeh was discovered in 1983 in the early stages of construction of a building on the mound for the former Islamic Revolution Committee, later become the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps. The construction project was stopped after they found out the mound is a prehistoric site.
The site was first excavated by Ahmad Tehrani-Moqaddam in early 1980 and then abandoned for years.
In 2006, Shoghali Tappeh came into the spotlight once again after Hesari’s team performed a second season of excavation at the site.
The prehistoric strata have been located on a layer of torrential dregs at a depth of 3.85 meters. Hesari’s team discovered a number of shards and remains of ashes and coals scattered around the ruins of a kiln during the season.
The archaeologists said that people made pottery in the location due to discovery of the kiln and that mud brick and clay walls were the major architectural elements of the region. The ruins of the site’s mud-brick architectural structures date back to the third millennium BCE.
Bronze tools and artefacts have rarely been found in site, but they have unearthed many stone and pottery artefacts bearing animal and floral motifs.
The pottery artefacts, which have been unearthed from the lower strata, are hand-made and red in colour. They also bear images drawn in the colour black.
The pottery works in the upper layers are buff coloured and have been made by potter’s wheel.
The site has been damaged by the forces of nature and by humans over the years.
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British Institute of Persian Studies