The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- A team of Iranian and Polish
anthropologists working at Gohar-Tappeh have recently found some amazing facts
about lifestyles at the region in three millenniums BCE.
A joint team of German and Iranian
archaeologists along with a number of Polish experts in interdisciplinary fields
have recently been assigned to study the 13,000 year record of habitation at the
The new anthropological studies are led by
Arkadiusz Soltysiak, an expert from the Department of Historical Anthropology at
the Institute of Archaeology at Warsaw University, the Persian service of CHN
reported on Saturday.
Studies on skeletons unearthed from graves
at the site indicated that men living in the region were large in stature and
powerful, Iranian director of the team Ali Mahforuzi said.
“The studies determined that the people
had a rich diet, consisting mostly of marine animals due to their proximity to
the Caspian Sea,” he explained.
He said that in their diet, they also
enjoyed eating meat from roebucks, deer, bulls, pigs, hedgehogs and birds like
However, the people included few
vegetables in their diet.
Consequently, the people suffered from a
shortage of iron, which sometimes cost them their lives. Some of the people may
have also died as a result of infectious diseases caused by polluted water.
The experts have also learned that the
people of the region were very skilful horsemen.
“Studies on the pelvises and the leg
bones of the skeletons have taken a special shape as a result of their serious
pursuit of equitation,” Mahforuzi stated.
Horses had been tamed long before the
early habitation was established in the Gohar-Tappeh region, but the apparent
intensity of the people’s admiration for the animal has surprised the experts,
“Perhaps due to its regular use and its
close contact with the people, the animal was viewed as being sacred,”
“This is conjectured because many horse
statuettes, sometimes in rhyton-shaped artefacts, have been found at the ruins
of the religious monuments discovered at Gohar-Tappeh,” he added.
This is the first instance since 1979 Revolution that such a large-scale research project is being carried out in Iran.
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