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Latest Archaeological and Cultural News of Iran and the Iranian World


The Return of Ancient Iranian Lovers' Day, the Esfand-Azrmazgan to Replace Valentine


02 January 2009



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LONDON, (CAIS) -- The revival of Iran’s national ancient celebration of Esfandegan (Spand-Armadhgan) will replace Valentine's Day on February 18th.


In line with the government’s policy to confront the foreign cultural onslaught, the Association of Iran’s Cultural and Natural Phenomena has focused on holding Esfandegan National Feast since past two years, reported the Persian service of CHTN. The association has publicized this ceremony by sending SMS messages and holding academic meetings.


The issue will be sent to Public Culture Council and, upon its approval, will later be sent to the Supreme Cultural Revolution Council and the President’s Office for ratification.


The Esfandgan Feast, which is devoted to women and mothers, is celebrated on Sepandarmaz Day in Esfand, the last month of the Iranian calendar, to acknowledge the lofty status of mothers as well as their kindness and self-sacrifice. The feast was important as Norouz, Mehregan and Sadeh that date back to several thousands years. Unfortunately, it has been forgotten and recently replaced by the foreign tradition of Valentine.


The feast upholds the tradition of forging friendship in all eras and between people from all walks of life.


In Zoroastrian religion, the whole month of Esfand and especially this day marks commemoration of women, the oldest of its kind in the world.

In Zoroastrian religion the day belongs to the Amesha Spenta Spandarmaz/Spandarmad (Av. Spenta Armaiti) holy devotion, the symbol of love and humbleness in the spiritual world and the guardian of the earth in the material one.

In the ancient Iranian tradition, women set aside the house chores and put the responsibility on the shoulders of their men for just one day. The men were also supposed to offer their women gifts.

To mark the day, the family would wake up earlier, cleaned the house, and celebrated the day by cooking Âsh, a kind of Iranian soup like stew with special Zoroastrian bread.

In West the idea of a Women's Day (March 8th) first arose at the turn of 20th century, which in the industrialized world was a period of expansion and turbulence, booming population growth and radical ideologies.


Some Iranian scholar believe the feast should be celebrated on the fifth day of the month of Esfand (February 24th), and the current date accepted by by Zoroastrians of Iran and India is a mistake which occurred in recent decades and they demanded to be rectified.





Original news bulletin published by  Iran Daily  rectified and edited by CAIS [*]




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