The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
LONDON, (CAIS) -- The City of Kerman in central south of Iran is home to the lone anthropology museum of the world’s Zoroastrians. The museum is located at the fire temple of the city.
The idea of establishing the museum goes back to the year 1983, when the library of the Kerman Association of Zoroastrians was established.
Head of the association Parviz Vakhshuri and library director Mehran Gheibi collected historical artefacts and manuscripts for the museum.
The museum was officially inaugurated in summer 2005 in the presence of the then head of Iran’s Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Organization (CHTHO).
Farzaneh Hormozyar Oshidari and Mahindokht Siavashian were among the figures who donated funds to help finish construction of the museum building in 2001.
Among the oldest items preserved at the museum are a 200 years old handwritten copy of holy Gathas, a compilation of seventeen hymns composed by Prophet Zathushtra (Zoroaster) himself, as well as handmade Afringan (fire brazier) upon which the year 1207 (1828) is engraved.
Rare documents and photos of notable personalities of Zoroastrian community like Kei-Khosrow Shahrokh, Mirza Borzu Amighi, and Keshvar-Khanom are also on display at the museum.
Ladies’ costumes including coats, dresses, pants and scarves, all embroidered with beautiful patterns are kept at the museum. Also included are different kinds of candle lights, fire braziers, and tallow burners.
Every year a great number of tourists visiting Kerman during the Iranian New Year of Noruz are sure to pay a visit to the fire temple and the museum and the Zoroastrian youth give guides to the visitors.
Interested youth register in education courses at the museum throughout the year and learn in depth about the details of fire, the fire temple, religious beliefs and rituals of the Zoroastrians.
The Zoroastrian religion is the first Monotheist religion dating back to circa 1700 BCE. It is the first Universal religion and the root of much of the Jewish, Christian and Islamic doctrine and beliefs. For over two millennia Zoroastrianism was the religion of Iran before her invasion by Arabs in 7th century CE. Today less than 30,000 Zoroastrian are left in Iran.
The Zoroastrian's core message is of spirituality that progresses towards self-realisation, fulfillment and completeness, as a good creation of God. The importance of the home and the community is central to Zoroastrianism and its' message is that of freedom - freedom to choose, freedom from fear, freedom from guilt, freedom from sin, freedom from stultifying rituals, superstitious practices, fake spirituality and ceremonials.
God and Man in Zoroastrian
The God in Zoroastrian religion, is not a God of "Thou shalt" and "Thou shall not" or one needy of being worshiped, but a God of pure love and forgiveness. Unlike some religions where Man is either God's child, servant, sinful, fallen or depraved, in Zoroastrianism man was created to progress to likeness and eliminate wrong from the Cosmos in partnership with God. Men and women, rich and poor, and young and old are all seen as equal. One only surpasses the other through their righteousness.
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