The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- Survey of the town of Khandab in Markazi
province, Iran, resulted in identification and discovery of over 80 sites and
remains, the majority of which belonged to the Achaemenid dynasty, reported the
Persian service of CHN on Wednesday.
This is the first time archaeologists have
identified such historical sites as these, in the western sector of Markazi
Province that dates to various historical periods, in particular the Achaemenid
dynasty (550-330 BCE), said Ali Asadi, the director of archaeological research
team in Khandab.
According to Asadi, archaeologists have
discovered large numbers of Achaemenid pottery, similar to those were found in
Fars province, which demonstrates that the area was a prosperous and an
important area to the Achaemenid government.
This could also be confirmed through the
geographical location of Sharā, since it is situated on the road which connects
Fars to Ecbatana (modern Hamadān), another seat and one of the capitals of the
Achaemenid dynasty. In addition, due to the large size of some the sites,
perhaps we can speculate that they were a military base or governmental bases,
He announced that the evidences of post-Sasanian to middle-Ages settlements were also discovered in the area, including glazed pottery.
In addition to Khandab, he mentioned
about the Dehestān-Sang village, which was included in their survey. With regard to
pre-historical petrographs around Khandab he said dating them are very
difficult, but due to their abundance scattered around the area they are worth
Asadi concluded “after completing the
survey and archaeological works, we’ll have a better understanding of the
history of Markazi Province.”
The town of Khandāb is part of an area
known to locals as Sharā, is located at the mouth of Sharā River (also known
as Qareh-Chāi). The Sharā River after flowing to Hamadan Province returns to
Markazi and then ends up in Hoz-Soltān lake in Qom province.
Apart from Khandāb, other main towns in
the area are Gurzār, Javersīyān, Sang-Sefid, Ostoveh, Anāj and Deh-chāl.
All these towns are located in the vicinity of the Sharā river apart from Sang-Sefid
which is situated in a mountains area and 10 kilometres away from the river.
In Khandāb there is a mountain called Shāh-Zendeh/Shāhzand
or Kuh-Shāh in short, contains a cave known as Kay-Khosrow, which is sacred to
locals and Zoroastrian community.
According to the local folklore, legendary
Kay-Khosrow, the mythical King of Kayānid dynasty disappeared in this cave
after renouncing his kingship. He was an ascetic and altruistic king who did not
like the kingship and its ceremonies – and before giving up his kingship in
favour of Lohrāsp, he distributed his treasures between his needy, widows,
orphans and blind subjects.
According to locals his soul is still alive in the cave; hence the name of the mountain is the Shāh-Zendeh/Shāhzand (alive king).
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