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Latest Archaeological and Cultural News of Iran and the Iranian World


Parthian Nomadic Settlements Discovered in Western Iran


17 March 2009



LONDON, (CAIS) -- The first season of archaeological research in Lusteh and Hādi-Ābād concluded with the discovery of Partho-Sasanian architectural and material culture remains, reported the Persian service of the Aryan Heritage News Agency (Aria).


The Lusteh and Hādi-Ābād sites are located near the Āzād Dam, 75 kilometres from the town of Sanandaj, on the way to Marivān, in the Western Iranian province of Kordestān.


Archaeologists have discovered architectural remains and earthenware dating back to Parthian (224 BCE – 224 CE) and Sasanian (224-651 CE) dynasties.


“The archaeological research revealed that there are nomadic settlements during the Parthian and Sasanian dynastic eras in the area near the Āzād Dam”, announced Leila Khosravi, the head of archaeological research team.


She added: “to this date no research has ever carried out about the Iranian nomads in this part of the country during the Partho-Sasanian period.”


Jelingi ware, an engraved Parthian pottery which is typically produced in the West of Iran was discovered here for the first time.” said Khosravi.


She continued: “Jelingi-ware has never been found in the Kordestan province that was used by nomads during the Middle and Early Parthian eras, since nomads preferred inexpensive and rustic potteries.”


Along with the jelingi-ware archaeologists have also discovered crocksand saucepans with some containing burnt materials, as well as animal bones which were sent to a lab for further examinations.


With regard to the architectural remains she said: “ashlars were used in the foundations and walls were erected on the top using mudbricks. We have also found some sections of walls in both sites.”


“Stratigraphical study shows the population was on the increase in this area during the Parthian dynastic era. This could be explained as the result of the lack of security in the western edges of the empire, especially near the Euphrates – therefore people may have decided to move to safer areas and towards the empire's heartland. We also have identified Parthian settlements in the mountainous and impassable areas of the province”, concluded Khosravi.





Original News bulletin published in Persian by ISNA , and translated and modified by CAIS [*]




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