The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- A
team of Iranian archaeologists has recently begun the sixth season of
archaeological research at the palace of the Sasanian emperor Khosrow II, Parviz
(r. 590–628 CE) in the Bistun region of Kermanshah Province.
palace is located near Farhad Tarash, also known as Faratash, a cliff at the
foot of the Zagros Mountains whose vertical surface was smoothed during the
Achaemenid dynastic period (550-330 BCE).
construction of the palace was never completed but the site was converted into a
caravanserai by the Ilkhanids (1256–1353).
dating back to the Sasanian dynasty and the Ilkhanid era have been unearthed
this season, team director Mehdi Rahbar told the Persian service of CHN on
Monday. Some of the stones used in constructing the palace walls still bear
intact masons’ marks, he stated.
Ilkhanids converted the unfinished palace into a caravanserai, which most likely
was destroyed by an earthquake later on and then another caravanserai was built
by the Safavid dynasty (1502–1736) at distance of 200 meters from the Ilkhanid
structure,” Rahbar explained.
People built their houses on the ruins of the palace of Khosrow Parviz during the last years of the Qajar period (1794-1925). In 1976 during the reign of Pahlavi II, the people were relocated in order to enable archaeologists to study the palace ruins.
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