The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- The joint archaeological expedition team from United States and
the Republic of Azerbaijan, in the autonomous republic of Nakhjavan (nowadays
Nakhchivan), has yielded to new findings date back to the
first Iranian dynastic Empire, the Medes (728-550 BCE).
The discovered ceramics dated the 2nd-early 1st millennium BCE, the academician
said. According to him, the previous researches of the expedition revealed that Oglangala,
which is a modern name of the area was the center of an ancient state and it was subjected to attacks of ancient
She said the joint US-Azerbaijani archaeological expedition has been holding studies in Sharur region since 2008 and intends to continue studies next year.
In 2009 the expedition team has also discovered a number of cuneiform inscriptions, without revealing their language. The territory after the collapse of Median dynasty in 550 BCE, became part of the Achaemenid dynasty (550-330 BCE) and therefore, the language of the discovered inscriptions could be Old-Persian.
The name Nakhjavan, possibly derived from the middle-Persian compound of 'nakhchir+wan' ('tree quarry', i.e. tree supplying ground), while some believe the name derived from Armenian meaning 'the place of descent', a Biblical reference to the descent of mythical Noah's Ark on the adjacent Mount Ararat. The medieval geographers however referred to the area as Nashava.
oldest material culture artefacts found in the region date back to the Neolithic
Age. The region was part of the state of Mannae, and later Median dynasty of
the collapse of Median dynasty in 550 BCE, it became part of the Satrapy of
Armenia under the new dynasty, the Achaemenid Iran (550-330 BCE). After the
invasion of Iran by Macedonian warlord, Alexander II, the area along with the
rest of Achaemenid Empire felt to the hands of the invaders, until the
liberation of Iran by the third Iranian dynasty, the Arsacids/Parthian (248
succeeded by the new dynasty, the Sasanians in 224 CE and subsequently the
region remained part of Iran until the invasion of Iran by Arab-Muslins in 640
CE. In the 8th century, Nakhjavan was one of the scenes of Iranian uprising
against the Arab invasion led by Persian revolutionary Babak Khorramdin
("those of the joyous religion" in Persian).
from Arab rule in the 10th century went to the hands of Bagratuni King Smbat I
and handed over to the princes of Syunik. This region also was taken by Sajids
in 895 and between 909-929, Sallarid between 942-971 and Shaddadid between
971-1045. In the 11th century the region was taken over by the Saljuqs, a
Persianised-Turkic dynasty in 1055, with their capital in the central Iranian
city of Esfahan.
12th century, the city of Nakhjavan became the capital of the state of Atabegs,
which included most of Azarbaijan Province of Iran and significant part of Arran
province (nowadays the Republic of Azerbaijan).
Armeno-Georgian princely house of Zacharids frequently raided the region when
the Atabeg state was in decline in the early years of the 13th century. It was
then plundered by invading Mongols and became part of the new Empire in 1236.
the 16th century, the Safavid dynasty of Iran regaind the control of the area.
Because of its geographic position, it frequently suffered during the wars
between the Safavids and the Ottomans in the 16th to 18th centuries.
the last Russo-Iranian War and the Treaty
of Turkmenchay, the Nakhjavan khanate passed into Russian possession in 1828
and separated from Iran for the last time.
Copyright © 1998-2015 The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies (CAIS)