The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
LONDON, (CAIS) -- An ancient network of secret tunnels and dwellings has been discovered in Hamedan Province.The Iranian province lies in an elevated region, with the 'Alvand' mountains, running from the north west to the south west.
The discovered complex is located near the
village of Arzanfud, 25 kilometres southeast of the provincial capital-city of
Hamedan, the Hamedan Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Department (HCHTHD)
announced Saturday in a press release.
The complex is comprised of 25 rooms
connected to each other by several tunnels, had been excavated beneath a stone
mound extending deep into the earth at a
depth of 4 to 6 meters.
The complex is believed to have been used by habitants as a shelter during wars.
The entrance to the subterranean complex which is hidden or disguised yet to be discovered, but at the moment it is accessible through an original ventilation shaft, widened by HCHTHD’s experts for access.
There are holes carved in the walls, which
had been made to hold early light fixtures. A cot has also been identified in
A number of stone rings and clasps have
also been among the discovered artefacts.
According to initial studies, the city
likely dates back to the first Iranian dynasty, the Medes (728-550 BCE) or much
later to the Parthian dynasty (248 BCE – 224 CE).
No more details were released by the
government-controlled organisation about the discovery.
Since March 2009, Iranian archaeologists
are banned giving interviews or reveal any
information about the ICHTHO or the status of Iranian archaeology. By
implementing such a ban the theocratic-totalitarian regime has closed the only
reliable avenue for obtaining the accurate information about the status of the
archaeological discoveries and the cultural treasures recovered from the sites.
By some reports, the number
of priceless artefacts passed to the Iranian museums by ICHTHO, especially those
made of precious metals recovered from the sites has been fallen drastically.
The illicit antiquities
trade and selling Iranian historical relics to the European markets and private
collectors worldwide has become one of the most lucrative revenues for the
ruling clerics and their families.
Since the rise of the Islamic Regime to power in 1979, not only the smuggling and looting of Iranian art and antiquity, but a deliberate destruction, mainly Iran’s pre-Islamic heritage have been systematic and widespread.
Hamedan province is one of the most ancient parts of Iran and its civilisation. Today's it capital city of same name, is the remains of the ancient Ecbatana.
During the third Iranian dynasty, the Parthians, Ctesiphon was chosen as the political and winter capital of the empire and Hamedan became the summer capital and residence of the Arasacid King of Kinds. After the the fall of Parthian dynasty, the Sasanian dynasty (224-651 CE) constructed their summer palaces in Hamedan as well.
Avicenna (c. 980 - 1037 also Pur Sina, Ibn Sina), the foremost Persian physician, philosopher and one of the world's greatest polymath is buried in that city.
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