The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- One
days after the discovery of a number of Partho-Sasanian plinths and other
artefacts in the city of Ahvaz, found during the construction of the city’s
metro, the regime’s authority have denied their existence.
after their discovery on Tuesday, the Khuzestan Cultural Heritage and Tourism
Organisation (KCHTO) was alerted, and in response deployed a security guard to
the site and ordered the removal of all artefacts for alleged-safe keeping at
with Radio Javan, the director of KCHTO, Parviz Purfarrokhi claimed: “these
are not plinths as they are smaller than a biro.”
Cultural Heritage Enthusiasts Society (Taryana) have sent a statement confirming
the discovery along with photographic evidence to the KCHTO, demanding an
explanation and the whereabouts of these invaluable historical artefacts.
the second time this year, during the excavation at Ahvaz Metro that
construction workers have discovered these types of artefacts from the ancient
strata, which is believed to have belonged to the lost Parthian city of Taryana
(also known as Sasanian Hormuz Ardashir).
ancient city is located beneath the modern city of Ahvaz, in Iran’s oil-rich
province of Khuzestan.
permit for the construction of the metro was issued by the government controlled
KCHTO, despite objections from academics and cultural enthusiasts, who believed
the construction would destroy the ancient city that lays beneath the modern
the ancient city was registered on the country’s national heritage list and no
construction activities are permitted over or near the site, an official from
Ahvaz Municipality Office
claimed: “we don’t deserve it, and it is better if the city remains hidden
and to be uncovered by the next generation.”
archaeologist with KCHRO who wished to remain anonymous for his safety told CAIS
correspondent: “nothing of the ancient city will be left by the time the metro
and other regime’s projects are completed.”
added: “they know what they are doing – they are trying to erase our
Thy city of Hormoz Ardeshir,
also Hormuz Ardashir, Hormezdshir, Hormizshahr, Humshir as well as Daravashir (Dārāvašīr)
was rebuilt by emperor Ardeshir (ardashīr-i pāpagān - r.
224-241 CE), the founder of 4th Iranian dynasty, the Sasanians
Tabari, 9th century Persian
historian confirms that king Ardeshir rebuilt the old Parthian city and named it
after himself. However the foundations of the city were either built during the
Achaemenid or Parthian dynasty, which was called Taryana. According to
historical accounts, Taryana was where the Achaemenid Royal Road from Susa to
Persepolis crossed the river on a bridge of boats.
According to Maqdasi it was
emperor Shapur I, who rebuilt the town on both sides of the ancient city,
coining a new designation for he city, combining the names of God and the his
father. In the upper section was administrative and the place that nobles lived;
and the lower was the commercial section, inhabited mainly by merchants.
However, during the Arab conquest of Khuzestan in 630, the administrative
section of the city was totally destroyed and its habitants were slaughtered;
but the commercial sector remained intact and became known to Arab settlers as
The name Ahvaz (also Ahwaz)
that Arabs used to rename the city is believed to have originated from the Khuzi
language, the language of the original habitants of the province who gave their
name to the province (Khuzestan) before the rise of the Achaemenid dynastic
empire in 6th century BCE.
According to Khwarazmi, the
8th century Persian polymath, the Khuzi language was spoken in the
province until 3rd century CE. The
Persian historian Abu Mansur Javaliqi, in the 12th century wrote: "Ahvaz is
the name of a Persian city and its’ Persian name has been Arabised and the
Arabs have accepted the Persian dictation of the word."
Hormoz Ardeshir which presently lies within the boundaries of modern Ahvaz was registered on the national heritage list in 1931.
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