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Latest Archaeological and Cultural News of Iran and the Iranian World


Illegal Construction Threatening The Achaemenid Tomb in Bushehr


12 March 2010



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  Gur-e Dokhtar in the village of Tang-e Eram

(Click to enlarge)


LONDON, (CAIS) -- Construction by local residents, ignored by the authority has imperiled an Achaemenid tomb, claimed to be the tomb of Cyrus I, the Achaemenid king and son of Teispes and grandfather of Cyrus II the Great, near the village of Tang-e Eram in Bushehr Province.


Experts have demarcated a 100-meter perimeter for the site, which was registered on the National Heritage List in 1997, the Persian service of the Mehr News Agency reported on Wednesday.


Any construction done on this perimeter is illegal, however, construction of buildings has increased in the vicinity of the boundary.


The first breach of the site’s perimeter was done by the Islamic Republic regional electrical supplier when they installed a power line some 4 meters from the tomb a few years ago.


Known as Gur-Dokhtar (the burial of daughter) by the local people, the site was discovered in 1968 by Belgian archaeologist Louis Vandenberg, who believed the tomb belonged to Cyrus I.


Nylander and Stronach dated the structure to the late Achaemenid dynastic period, due to the clawscratch-marks on the masonry as well as the type of metal clamps that were used to fasten the stones together.


Other experts however have claimed is the burial place of Mandane, mother of Cyrus the Great, whilke other scholars claim it was the mausoleum of Atossa, the daughter of Cyrus the Great and the wife and queen of Darius the Great. 


Built of 24 pieces of stone, the structure is very similar in architecture to the mausoleum of Cyrus the Great at Pasargadae in Fars Province. However, it is several times smaller than the Cyrus the Great mausoleum. The tomb is 4.5 meters in height and contains a small pool.


A team of Iranian experts led by Hassan Rahsaz conducted a series of restoration efforts on the structure in early 2000’s.






Original news bulletin published by Mehr News rectified and edited by CAIS [*]




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