The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies
(CAIS) -- The
provincial branch of Iran’s Cultural and Heritage, Handicraft and Tourism
Organisation (ICHHTO), at the Island of Qeshm in the Persian Gulf, has announced
archaeologists from Iran’s Archaeological Research Centre (IARC) will
recommence their research on the prehistoric sites, before the end of current
Iranian year (March 20th).
the previous seasons, Iranian archaeologists have identified human settlements
belonging to the Paleolithic and the Mesolithic ages. The settlements are
scattered around the Bām-e Qeshm Geopark, the oldest dates to 150,000 years ago
and it is considered to be the earliest human settlement in the Persian Gulf.
the last seasons, a number of human and animal bones, stone tools and other
material cultures were discovered, which assisted in scientifically dating the
also announced, at the same time an underwater archaeological survey will be
conducted near the island.
research in 2006 led to the discovery of 32 historical sites belonging to the
Parthian (248 BCE– 224 CE), Sasanian (224–651 CE), and post-Sasanian
periods. Also, the evidence suggests the trade was strong during the Safavid
period (1501-1736 CE).
during the Sasanian era was called Abarkāwān and was part of the district of
Ardashir-khorra. Later lexicographers explained Abarkâwân as a corruption of Abargâvân,
(cow island); this is a folk etymology, which is reflected in Tabari's story of
a commander in Khorrasan who accused his soldiers of having ridden only cattle
and donkeys on the isle of Banu-Kâwân before he had turned them into competent
Island of Qesh, it is the largest island in the Persian Gulf near the strait of
Hormoz (Hormuz) and covers an area of ca. 133 Km long and 11-35 km wide on
average. The Island is stretched closley along side the south coastline (Hormozgan)
of the Iranian mainland, only 22 km away from Bandar Abbas. The island virtually
runs parallel to the coast between Bandar Abbas in the east and Bandar-e Lenga
in the west and is located in the midst of two of Iran's largest natural gas
fields in the Persian Gulf.
1989 the Qeshm Free Trading Zone was established with the goal of attracting
substantial infrastructure investment to expand industrial, banking and tourist
facilities. With a population of around 85,000. The Island of Qeshm today has
four designated industrial areas, half a dozen large towns, and over 50
Qeshm Geopark was registered with UNESCO as the first Geopark in the
Middle-East, to become a tourist hub in the Persian Gulf, but soon it was
dropped from the list, due to the lack of management and failing to meet
UNESCO’s requirements. According to UNESCO, in comparison to the rest of the
world Qeshm is unique and no such area can be found in the world.
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